Design a fluorometric aptasensor based on CoOOH nanosheets and carbon dots for simultaneous detection of lysozyme and adenosine triphosphate
Zeinab Saberi , Behzad Rezaei, Parisa Rezaei, Ali Asghar Ensafi
Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 233 (2020) 118197, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S138614252030175X
abstract: Simultaneous detection of biomarkers and biomolecules with great analytical performance still is challenging. A simple fluorometric dual-functional aptasensor was designed to detect Lysozyme (LYS) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as models of a protein and a small molecule simultaneously. The sensing principle of the aptasensor is based on the interactions between cobalt oxyhydroxide CoOOH nanosheets as fluorescence quencher and carbon dots (CDs) as fluorophores. The aptamer labeled with CDs was able to assemble on CoOOH nanosheets and consequently, the fluorescence signal was quenched. With addition target analytes to the system, the aptamers folded around of targets with a strong and specific affinity. Therefore, the labeled aptamer with CDs was detached from CoOOH nanosheets and the fluorescence signal was restored. The fluorescence spectral overlap of these two CDs is the main limitation for the simultaneous analysis. The least squared support vector machine (LS-SVM) was applied to resolve this problem. Under optimal conditions, when LS-SVR was used, detection limits were found 4.0 and 1.8 nmol L−1 for ATP and LYS. The parallel biosensor is capable of monitoring ATP and LYS levels in the biological samples with satisfactory results.
Keywords: Simultaneous detection Aptasensor Carbon dots Nanosheets Lysozyme Adenosine triphosphate