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Polyoxometalates Decorated Gheraphene Nanosheets and Carbon Nanotubes, Effective Electrocatalysts for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction, 361. Ali A. Ensafi, E. Heydari-Soureshjani, M. Jafari-Asl, B. Rezaei, , Carbon, 2016, 99, 398-406.

The   present   study   is   an   attempt   to   prepare   new   nanocomposites   based   on   Pt-modified [PW11NiO39] 5 @reduced  graphene  oxide  (rGO)  and  Pt-modified  [PW11NiO39] 5 @multiwall  carbon nanotubes (CNT). For this purpose, poly diallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDDA) modified-rGO and PDDA-CNT   are   prepared,   the   surfaces   of   which   are   then   decorated   with   polyoxometalate ([PW11NiO39] 5 ). Finally, [PW11NiO39] 5 @PDDA-rGO and [PW11NiO39] 5 @PDDA-CNT are decorated with platinum  nanoparticles  to  fabricate  [PW11Pt e NiO39] @PDDA-CNT/GCE  and  [PW11Pt e NiO39] e @PDDA-rGO/GCE. The amounts of the noble metal required for the modification of the electrodes is reduced by using the replacement reaction, as a simple and effective method. Polarization measurement, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy are used to investigate the electrochemical properties   of   [PW11Pt e NiO39] @PDDA-rGO   and   [PW11Pt e Nio] @PDDA-CNT   in   a   solution   of 0.5 mol L1 H2SO4. The nanocomposites are then characterized in detail using scanning electron microscopy,  transmission  electron  microscopy,  energy  dispersive  X-ray  spectroscopy,  X-ray  diffraction pattern, Brunauer e Emmett e Teller surface area analysis and infrared spectroscopy. It is found that the nanocomposites exhibit a high catalytic activity for hydrogen evolution reaction with low overpotentials,high current densities and long-term stability.

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