An ultrasensitive electrochemical aptasensor based on a single‑stranded aptamer‑Au@Fe‑MIL‑88 complex using methylene blue as an electrochemical probe for insulin detectio
N. Salandari‑Jolge, · Ali A. Ensaf, B. Rezaei
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (2021) 413:7451–7462, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00216-021-03703-y
Abstract This work introduces an electrochemical aptasensor based on a single-stranded aptamer-Au@Fe-MIL-88 complex for sensitive and selective determination of insulin using diferential pulls voltammetry. Au@Fe-MIL-88 with a large surface area was synthesized and employed as a suitable substrate for immobilization of the aptamer (APT-Au@Fe-MIL-88). Methylene blue (MB), as an electrochemical probe, was intercalated into the aptamer. Graphene oxide (GO) and zinc sulfde (ZnS) were placed on the Au electrode to amplify the MB current. Also, ZnS improves the immobilization of APT-Au@ Fe-MIL-88 into the aptasensor through the strong interaction of Au–S. In the presence of the insulin, MB is released from the aptamer due to DNA conformational change, and as a result, the peak intensity of the intercalated MB was decreased. Under optimal conditions, the change in the current of MB was proportional to the insulin concentration in the range of 5.0× 10−16–5.0× 10−11 mol L−1, with a superior ultra-low detection limit of 1.3×10−16 mol L−1. It was observed that the aptasensor is suitable for determining insulin in serum samples with good sensitivity and reproducibility and with recoveries ranging from 96.4 to 102.0%. The relative standard deviations (RSD) were lower than 3.8% (n=3).
Keywords Electrochemical aptasensor · Iron metal–organic framework (MIL-88) · Graphene oxide · Zinc sulfde · Insulin detection · Methylene blue